Agronomy Blog

Western Iowa and Missouri Crop Progress

by Greg Peters | Apr 24, 2017

Above normal temperatures in March made it look as though the spring planting of 2017 would progress at an extremely rapid pace.  Soil temperatures warmed rapidly and most spring applications of ammonia were done early.  Producers were waiting for insurance dates to start planting or in some cases, rainfall, because of areas that were classified as being in a moderate drought.  April weather changed this very rapidly.  Spotty, persistent rains and cool temperatures caused the soil conditions to become unfit for planting. Soil temperatures dropped rapidly with some areas still in the upper 40’s on April 22 in northern Iowa.  Farmers have been waiting for an opportunity to start planting.  This past weekend allowed several areas to plant if they were fortunate enough to have limited rainfall last week.  This window will be short as temperatures are forecast9 to be in the lower 50’s during the day with lows in the 30’s at night along with rainfall.  Some weather models are predicting that we could see a freeze in the first week of May in our northern area. 

In Missouri,  planting progress is hard to get a handle on because it has been very spotty.  Producers in central Missouri are reporting that they are completely done with corn planting, while the area to the north reported that 6 to 8 percent had been planted prior to this weekend. 

The good news is that temperatures look to stabilize when we get into May but the extended forecast looks like rain will still present challenges.   

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